Development of gellan gum containing formulations for transdermal drug delivery: Component evaluation and controlled drug release using temperature responsive nanogels


    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Graphical abstractEnhancing skin permeation is important for development of new transdermal drug delivery formulations. This is particularly relevant for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). To address this, semisolid gel and solid hydrogel film formulations containing gellan gum as a gelling agent were developed and the effects of penetration enhancers (dimethyl sulfoxide, isopropyl alcohol and propylene glycol) on transport of the NSAID diclofenac sodium was quantified. A transwell diffusion system was used to accelerate formulation development. After 4 h, diclofenac flux from a superior formulation of the semisolid gel or the solid hydrogel film was 130 ± 11 μg/cm2 h and 108 ± 7 μg/cm2 h, respectively, and significantly greater than that measured for a currently available diclofenac sodium topical gel (30 ± 4 μg/cm2 h, p < 0.05) or solution formulation (44 ± 6 μg/cm2 h, p< 0.05) under identical conditions. Over 24 h diclofenac transport from the solid hydrogel film was greater than that measured for any new or commercial diclofenac formulation. Entrapment of temperature-responsive nanogels within the solid hydrogel film provides temperature-activated prolonged release of diclofenac. Diclofenac transport was minimal at 22 °C, when diclofenac is entrapped within temperature-responsive nanogels incorporated into the solid hydrogel film, but increased 6-fold when the temperature was increased to skin surface temperature of 32 °C. These results demonstrate the feasibility of the semisolid gel and solid hydrogel film formulations that can include thermo-responsive nanogels for development of transdermal drug formulations with adjustable drug transport kinetics.

    loading  Loading Related Articles