A UK centre's experience of mycobacterial infections in HIV-infected patients

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Summary:A descriptive retrospective review of 26 patients with mycobacterial infection; 7 Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), 17 Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), one M. xenopei and one M. kansasii. Diagnosis of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) was made mainly from blood in 68%, with biopsy material initially useful in 68%. All MTB were fully sensitive. No patients received MAC chemoprophylaxis, yet resistance to rifabutin, ciprofloxacin and ethambutol was noted. It is important to examine the UK experience of mycobacterial infection; individual centres may find it useful to review infecting organisms and resistance patterns.

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