Redox markers and inflammation are differentially affected by atorvastatin, pravastatin or simvastatin administered before endotoxin-induced acute lung injury

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Statins are standard therapy for the treatment of lipid disorders, and the field of redox biology accepts that statins have antioxidant properties. Our aim in this report was to consider the pleiotropic effects of atorvastatin, pravastatin and simvastatin administered prior to endotoxin-induced acute lung injury. Male mice were divided into 5 groups and intraperitoneally injected with LPS (10 mg/kg), LPS plus atorvastatin (10 mg/kg/day; A + LPS group), LPS plus pravastatin (5 mg/kg/day; P + LPS group) or LPS plus simvastatin (20 mg/kg/day; S + LPS group). The control group received saline. All mice were sacrificed one day later. There were fewer leukocytes in the P + LPS and S + LPS groups than in the LPS group. MCP-1 cytokine levels were lower in the P + LPS group, while IL-6 levels were lower in the P + LPS and S + LPS groups. TNF-α was lower in all statin-treated groups. Levels of redox markers (superoxide dismutase and catalase) were lower in the A + LPS group (p < 0.01). The extent of lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde and hydroperoxides) was reduced in all statin-treated groups (p < 0.05). Myeloperoxidase was lower in the P + LPS group (p < 0.01). Elastance levels were significantly greater in the LPS group compared to the statin groups. Our results suggest that atorvastatin and pravastatin but not simvastatin exhibit anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity in endotoxin-induced acute lung injury.

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