Genipin alleviates LPS-induced acute lung injury by inhibiting NF-κB and NLRP3 signaling pathways

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Genipin has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effect. However, its role on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) has not been explored. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of genipin on murine model of acute lung injury induced by LPS. The mice were treated with genipin 1 h before LPS administration. 12 h later, the myeloperoxidase (MPO) in lung tissues and lung wet/dry ratio were detected. The levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured by ELISA. Apart from this, we use western blot to detect the protein expression in the NF-κB and NLRP3 signaling pathways. The results showed that the treatment of genipin markedly attenuated the lung wet/dry ratio and the MPO activity. Moreover, it also inhibited the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 in the BALF. In addition, genipin significantly inhibited LPS-induced NF-κB and NLRP3 activation. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that genipin protected against LPS-induced ALI through inhibiting NF-κB and NLRP3 signaling pathways.

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