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Recent clinical and animal studies suggested that remote limb ischemic postconditioning (RIPostC) can invoke potent cardioprotection or neuroprotection. However, the effect and mechanism of RIPostC against renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) are poorly understood. T-LAK-cell-originated protein kinase (TOPK) is crucial for the proliferation and migration of tumor cells. However, the function of TOPK and the molecular mechanism underlying renal protection remain unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the role of TOPK in renoprotection induced by RIPostC.The renal IRI model was induced by left renal pedicle clamping for 45 min followed by 24 h reperfusion and right nephrectomy. All mice were intraperitoneally injected with vehicle, TOPK inhibitor HI-TOPK-032 or Akt inhibitor LY294002. After 24 h reperfusion, renal histology, function, and inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress were assessed. The proteins were measured by Western blotting.The results showed that RIPostC significantly protected the kidneys against IRI. The protective effects were accompanied by the attenuation of renal dysfunction, tubular damage, inflammation and oxidative stress. In addition, RIPostC increased the phosphorylation of TOPK, PTEN, Akt, GSK3β and the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 and decreased the nuclear translocation of NF-κB. However, all of the above renoprotective effects of RIPostC were eliminated either by the inhibition of TOPK or Akt with HI-TOPK-032 or LY294002.The current data reveal that RIPostC protects against renal IRI via activation of TOPK/PTEN/Akt signaling pathway mediated anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation.RIPosctC protected the kidney against ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) in mice.RIPostC activated TOPK/PTEN/Akt signaling pathway in renal IRI.RIPostC reduced the inflammatory response in renal IRI.RIPostC reduced the oxidative response in renal IRI.