Allergic airways disease (AAD) is one of the most common medical illnesses that is associated with an increased allergic airway inflammation. Hyperoside, an active compound isolated from Rhododendron brachycarpum G. Don, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effect. The aim of this study was to analyze the protective effect of hyperoside on OVA-induced allergic airway inflammation in mice. In the present study, the mouse asthma model was induced by given OVA and hyperoside was administrated 1 h before OVA challenge. The levels of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and IgE were detected by ELISA. H&E staining was used to assess lung histopathological changes. The expression of NF-κB p65, IκB, HO-1, and Nf-E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) were measured by western blot analysis. The results showed that hyperoside significantly reduced the inflammatory cells infiltration and the levels of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and IgE. Hyperoside significantly inhibited OVA-induced oxidative stress as demonstrated by decreased MDA, and increased GSH and SOD levels. Treatment of hyperoside also inhibited OVA-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). Furthermore, the results showed that treatment of hyperoside significantly inhibited LPS-induced NF-κB activation. In addition, hyperoside was found to activate Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway. In conclusion, these results suggest that hyperoside ameliorates OVA-induced allergic airway inflammation by activating Nrf2 signaling pathway.