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Previous studies reported that sciadopitysin (Sc), a type of biflavonoids, protects reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated osteoblast dysfunction, but its role in osteoclastogenesis remains unclear. In this study, we observed that Sc dose-dependently suppressed RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption. Our results indicated that Sc treatment strongly reduced RANKL-induced osteoclast-specific genes expression, including cathepsin K (CTSK), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and MMP-9. Furthermore, Sc apparently attenuated RANKL-increased expressions of c-Fos and NFATc1. Meanwhile, Sc also strikingly inhibited the activation of NF-κB without altering the phosphorylation of MAPKs (p38, JNK and ERK1/2). Finally, our study demonstrated that Sc administration could reverse the bone loss in LPS-induced mice model. This study suggests that Sc inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis and bone loss by inhibiting NF-κB activation and reducing the expression of c-Fos and NFATc1. Therefore, Sc might be benefit for RANKL-mediated osteolytic bone diseases.Sciadopitysin inhibited RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and bone resorption.Sciadopitysin suppressed RANKL-induced expression of TRAP, CTSK, MMP-9, c-Fos and NFATc1.Sciadopitysin inhibited RANKL-induced NF-κB activation without altering MAPK phosphorylation.Sciadopitysin attenuated LPS-induced bone loss in mice.