Tim-3 enhances brain inflammation by promoting M1 macrophage polarization following intracerebral hemorrhage in mice

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Macrophage polarization contributes to brain inflammation following spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-3 (Tim-3) has been identified to induce macrophage mediated inflammation following ICH. However, the regulation of Tim-3 on macrophage polarization following ICH has not been fully studied. In current experiment, we explored Tim-3 expression, macrophage polarization, brain water content and neurological function in WT and Tim-3−/− ICH mice. In addition, downstream transcriptional factor TRIF and IRF3 were also analyzed. We found that ICH promoted Tim-3 expression and M1 polarization in the perihematomal region of WT mice, leading to increased brain water content and neurological impairment. However, deletion of Tim-3 expression attenuated M1 polarization, decreased rain water content and improved neurological function of ICH mice. Furthermore, Tim-3 signal promoted transcriptional factors TRIF and IRF3 levels, regulating macrophage polarization. The data suggested that Tim-3 played a crucial role in the macrophage polarization and brain inflammation following ICH, and might represent a promising way in ICH therapy.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles