The role of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the regulation of molecular genetics factors determining the functional activity of human naïve and memory T cells in vitro was studied. It was found that hCG (10 and 100 IU/ml) inhibited CD28 and CD25 expression on the naïve T cells (CD45RA+) and CD25 expression on the memory T cells (CD45R0+). hCG didn't affect the CD71 proliferation marker expression in total. Nevertheless, hCG reduced the percentage of proliferating memory T cells with simultaneous suppression of CD71 expression on proliferating CD45R0 + cells.
In parallel, expression of U2af1l4, Gfi1, and hnRNPLL genes, which are Ptprc gene alternative splicing regulators was evaluated. It was established that hCG stimulated the expression of U2af1l4 and hnRNPLL genes, responsible for the assembly of CD45R0 in memory T cells, but reduced the expression of Gfi1 in these cells. In general, hCG promotes the differentiation of memory T cells by increasing of CD45R0 expression, but inhibits proliferation and CD25 expression which reflects their functional activity.Graphical abstract
The influence of human chorionic gonadotropin on naïve and memory T cells activity in vitro