Phosphorylation of low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 is involved in receptor for advanced glycation end product-mediated β-catenin stabilization in a toluene diisocyanate-induced asthma model

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Abstract

Background:

We have previously demonstrated that the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE)/β-catenin axis plays a vital role in regulating airway inflammation and airway remodeling in a toluene diisocyanate (TDI)-induced murine asthma model. However, the exact mechanism of β-catenin activation remains unclear. Given that phosphorylation of the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 (Lrp6) is a key step in mediating β-catenin stabilization in canonical wnt/β-catenin signaling, we explored the possible relationship between RAGE and Lrp6 in regulating β-catenin stabilization in TDI-induced asthma.

Methods:

In this study, a TDI-induced murine asthma model was generated, and mice were treated with a specific inhibitor of RAGE. In vitro, the human bronchial epithelial cell line 16HBE was treated with TDI-human serum albumin (TDI-HSA). RAGE overexpression or knockdown cells were also constructed and assessed.

Results:

The results showed that RAGE inhibition or RAGE knockdown decreased β-catenin nuclear accumulation and the expression of relevant β-catenin targeted genes (VEGF, MMP9, TGF-β1) in the TDI-induced murine asthma model and TDI-HSA-treated 16HBE cells, respectively. Silencing of RAGE reversed the TDI-induced increase in phospho-ERK1/2 (p-ERK) and phospho-Lrp6 (p-Lrp6) in 16HBE cells. Pretreatment with the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 inhibitor U0126 suppressed TDI-induced Lrp6 phosphorylation. Furthermore, knockdown of Lrp6 in 16HBE cells decreased β-catenin nuclear translocation and the expression of VEGF, MMP9, and TGF-β1.

Conclusion:

These data suggested that the RAGE/ERK axis modulates Lrp6 phosphorylation, contributing to β-catenin stabilization in a TDI-induced murine model.

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