Investigation of the interaction of allergens ofGlycine maxwith IgE-antibody for designing of peptidomimetics based anti-allergen

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Abstract

Allergen induced IgE dependent type I hypersensitivity is the main cause of the allergy, which would be a burden on medical setup in coming years. Allergens of Glycine max have been isolated, and their disease relationships are documented. Therefore, it becomes important to investigate the interaction of different allergens of Glycine max with IgE and also screen suitable therapeutics to prevent this interaction. The amino acid sequences of all allergens of Glycine max and their isoallergens have been taken, and 3D structure of allergens (Gly m 3, Gly m 4, Gly m 5, Gly m 6 and Gly m 8) and their isoallergens were generated using Modeller v9.17. The modeled structures were further validated using PSVS, ProSA, RAMPAGE, and PDBsum. HL domain of Fab region of human IgE (PDBID: 2R56) was generated using UCSFchimera. The HL domain was minimized by Schrodinger software using the OPLS_2005 force field. SiteMap identified epitope binding site of the minimized domain. All the predicted epitopes of different allergens were docked to the binding site of HL domain using the Patchdock server. We have also designed a peptidomimetics based inhibitor targeted at interaction interface of Gly m8 and IgE, using in-silico virtual screening, molecular mechanics, and molecular dynamics simulation studies. These studies identified BDE32166344 ((N-(1-{[1-(1-aminocyclopentanecarbonyl)-3-hydroxypyrrolidin-3-yl]methyl}piperidin-4-yl)acetamide) as a peptidomimetics based lead with binding energy of −72.77 kcal/mol. Therefore, the present study investigates the interaction between different Gly m allergens and IgE antibody and identifies peptidomimetics based lead that might be developed as a suitable therapeutics against allergy caused by allergen of Glycine max.

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