Neutrophils contribute to the pathogenesis of hemorrhagic cystitis induced by ifosfamide

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Ifosfamide (IFO) is an antineoplastic drug that is commonly used to treat gynecological and breast cancers. Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is a common side effect associated with IFO injection, which courses with neutrophil accumulation and affects 6–50% of patients depending on dose intensity. Here, we investigated the role of neutrophils in this inflammatory process. Female Swiss mice (n = 8/group) were injected with saline, IFO (400 mg/kg, i.p.), fucoidan (a P- and L-selectins inhibitor, 100 mg/kg, i.v.) or IFO + fucoidan (1–100 mg/kg) alone or combined with mesna (80 mg/kg i.p.). Another group of mice received anti-Ly6G antibody (500 μg/mouse, once daily for 2 days) for neutrophil depletion before IFO injection. In another experimental setting, animals received granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF, 400 μg/kg), IFO (200 mg/kg), G-CSF (25–400 μg/kg, for 5 days) + IFO (200 mg/kg, i.p.) or fucoidan + G-CSF + IFO. Bladder injury was evaluated 12 h after IFO injection. IFO 400 mg/kg significantly increased visceral hyperalgesia, bladder edema, hemorrhage, vascular permeability, MPO, IL-1β and IL-6 tissue levels, and COX-2 immunostaining and expression versus the saline group (P < 0.05). Conversely, fucoidan (100 mg/kg) significantly attenuated these parameters compared to IFO-injected mice (P < 0.05). Additionally, fucoidan potentiated mesna protective effect when compared with IFO + mesna group (P < 0.05). Accordingly, neutrophil depletion with anti-Ly6G reduced inflammatory parameters and bladder injury compared to IFO (P < 0.05). In contrast, G-CSF enhanced IFO (200 mg/kg)-induced HC, which was significantly attenuated by treatment with fucoidan (P < 0.05). Therefore, neutrophils contribute to the pathogenesis of HC.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles