|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
Repeat operations involving the aortic root, ascending aorta, and arch (proximal aorta) are technically challenging. These procedures are associated with higher operative mortality and morbidity. A dedicated surgical team with special skill set is essential to manage these complex patients. Redo root and proximal aortic procedures can be done with acceptable risk in most patients with attention to details involving the surgical procedure, patient selection, and perioperative management.