Causality Orientations and Psychological Well-Being in Young European and Eurasian Adults

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We sought to bridge the gap in the literature between general causality orientations and psychological well-being by examining the relationship between these variables in a sample of 76 (18 men and 58 women) currently enrolled or recently graduated European and Eurasian university students between 18 and 35 years old. Participants were administered the General Causality Orientations Scale, Satisfaction With Life Scale, and Subjective Vitality Scale. General causality orientations differed in magnitude, with autonomy orientation being most prominent and impersonal orientation the least pervasive. Women were more inclined toward autonomy orientation than were men. Measures of hedonic (life satisfaction) and eudaimonic (vitality) well-being had a moderate, positive correlation. Although general causality orientations did not predict life satisfaction, income along with impersonal and controlled causality orientations predicted vitality. We situate these findings within self-determination theory and research, the demographics of the sample, and the larger social and cultural contexts from which the sample was drawn.

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