Outcome and complications of bronchial artery embolisation for life-threatening haemoptysis

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background

Bronchial artery embolisation (BAE) has been established as an effective technique in the emergency treatment of life-threatening haemoptysis. However, few data concerning outcome are available.

Aims

To evaluate the short-term and long-term results of BAE in patients treated for life-threatening haemoptysis.

Methods

A retrospective analysis of eight patients with life-threatening haemoptysis treated with BAE.

Results

BAE resulted in an immediate cessation of haemoptysis in 7 (88%) patients. Long-term control of bleeding was achieved in five of these patients. Rebleeding occurred within 24 h in one patient, and two patients had recurrence of haemoptysis at 6 months and 1 year, respectively. In these three patients, repeat embolisation succeeded in the immediate control of haemoptysis, and no rebleeding was reported at 1-year follow-up.

Conclusions

BAE is an effective procedure with which to stabilize patients with massive haemoptysis in the acute phase, and to definitively treat some patients in the longer term.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles