Revascularization of grafts is one of the important key factors for the success of islet transplantation. After partial hepatectomy, many growth factors such as hepatocyte growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor are increased in the remnant liver. These growth factors have properties that promote angiogenesis. This might be an optimal environment for revascularization of islets transplanted intra portally. To verify this hypothesis, syngeneic islets (330 per recipient) were transplanted into the right hepatic lobes of streptozotocin-induced diabetic Balb/c mice with (hepatectomy group) or without (control group) left liver resection. Blood glucose was monitored for 28 d after transplantation. Glucose tolerance test was performed on post-operative day (POD) 30, and histological assessments were performed on POD 7 and 30 respectively. Analysis revealed that 36.7% of the control and 90.0% of the hepatectomy mice attained normoglycemia during the observation period (*p = 0.0142). Glucose tolerance was improved in the hepatectomy group (Area under the curve of intraperitoneal glucose tolerance tests on POD 30, Control; 47,700 ± 5,890 minmg/dl, Hepatectomy; 26,000 ± 2,060 minmg/dl: **p = 0.00314). Revascularization of grafted islets was more pronounced in the hepatectomy group (Vessel number per islet area on POD 7, Control; 3.20 ± 0.463 x 10-4/μm2, Hepatectomy; 7.08 ± 0.513 x 10-4/μm2: **p < 0.01). In the present study, partial hepatectomy (30%) improved the outcome of intraportal islet transplantation. Revascularization of islets transplanted into the liver may have been promoted by the induction of liver regeneration.