Micropropagated Rosa hybrida plantlets were simultaneously rooted and acclimatized under 100 and 200 μmol m−2 s−1 light for 2 wk. At the end of the first week of acclimatization, the plantlets were transferred onto a low water potential medium (from -0.06 MPa to -0.3 MPa). Dry weight was decreased by increased hight and low water potential. Photoinhibition of photosynthesis, expressed as a decrease in Fv/Fm ratio and ΦPSII and an increase in 1 -qp, occurred in plants grown under 200 μmol m−2 s−1. When high light (200 μmol m−2 s−1) and water stress were applied simultaneously, their effects on chlorophyll fluorescence parameters depended on stress duration; after 1 d of water stress, photoinhibition was more pronounced; after 7 d of stress, Fv/Fm ratio and ΦPSII were higher than after 1 d of stress; photoinhibition was reduced. This suggests that after a 1-d stress, the effect of water stress alone included a superimposed effect of photoinhibition to which the water-stressed plants were sensitized; after 7 d, plantlets had adapted to water stress. The photoprotective effects under high light might result in energy dissipative mechanisms linked to photochemical and nonphotochemical quenching other than CO2 fixation.