In vitromorphogenesis in plants-recent advances

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The capacity of cultured plant tissues and cells to undergo morphogenesis, resulting in the formation of discrete organs or whole plants, has provided opportunities for numerous applications of in vitro plant biology in studies of basic botany, biochemistry, propagation, breeding, and development of transgenic crops. While the fundamental techniques to achieve in vitro plant morphogenesis have been well established for a number of years, innovations in particular aspects of the technology continue to be made. Tremendous progress has been made in recent years regarding the genetic bases underlying both in vitro and in situ plant morphogenesis, stimulated by progress in functional genomics research. Advances in the identification of specific genes that are involved in plant morphogenesis in vitro, as well as some selected technical innovations, will be discussed.

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