This paper reviews findings about treating the abused or neglected child from the first national evaluation of child abuse and neglect programs. Very few children were treated by these programs. Seventy children who did receive therapeutic intervention exhibited a variety of psychosocial, emotional, and developmental problems, not unlike those possessed by abusive parents, at the time they entered treatment. Many of these problems were resolved by the end of treatment. Success with 1,724 parents served by the projects, however, was not the rule. Better ways of working with these families in crisis are required.