Components of a successful intervention for monthly skin self-examination for early detection of melanoma: The “Check It Out” Trial

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Abstract

Background:

Multicomponent Check-It-Out project interventions were found to be effective at increasing thorough skin self-examinations (TSSE). Application of this research will benefit from determining the most important interventions for promoting TSSE.

Objective:

Identification of the most important Check-It-Out intervention components for promoting TSSE.

Methods:

This study analyzed the responses of the 567 participants who were randomized into the skin examination intervention group and who did not report performing TSSE at their baseline interview.

Results:

Watching the video, using the hand mirror, shower card, American Cancer Society brochure, sample photographs, and finding the health educator helpful were associated with performing TSSE at 2 months, 12 months, or both.

Limitations:

Use of the materials within the skin group was not randomly assigned. All data were based on participant self-report.

Conclusions:

As future interventions to increase TSSE are developed, the identified useful components will be important to include.

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