Treatment with systemic immunomodulatory agents is indicated for patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. In these patients, surgery may confer an increased risk of infectious or surgical complications. We conducted a literature review to examine studies addressing the use of methotrexate, cyclosporine, and targeted immunomodulatory agents (tumor necrosis factor-alfa inhibitors, interleukin [IL]-12/23 inhibitors, IL-17 inhibitors) in patients undergoing surgery. We examined 46 total studies; the majority were retrospective studies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease. One study in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis reviewed 77 procedures and did not find an elevated risk of postoperative complications with tumor necrosis factor-alfa and IL-12/23 inhibitors even with major surgeries. Based on level III evidence, infliximab, adalimumab, etanercept, methotrexate, and cyclosporine can be safely continued through low-risk operations in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. For moderate- and high-risk surgeries, a case-by-case approach should be taken based on the patient's individual risk factors and comorbidities.