To review international statistics on the morbidity and mortality of diarrhea, pathophysiology, global incidence, and implications for the clinical practice of nurse practitioners (NPs).Data sources:
Selective review of literature.Conclusions:
Because of ever-increasing international travel, immigration, and rising awareness of global health issues, NPs must be current on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diarrhea.Implications for Practice:
Increased awareness of diarrhea as a significant international health issue mandates that NPs counsel clients who travel to high-risk areas about preventive measures to avoid exposure or manage symptoms while traveling. Guidelines for evidence-based treatments of diarrheal illness are widely available and should be followed.