Acute respiratory distress syndrome following scrub typhus: A case report

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Abstract

Purpose:

To discuss a case of scrub typhus complicated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in a 67-year-old female. An overview of the prevalence and pathogenesis of the disorder, clinical diagnosis, and treatment are presented.

Data sources:

Case report, diagnostic evidence, and scientific literature.

Conclusions:

If not properly treated, scrub typhus can cause serious complications, such as ARDS and septicemia. When left untreated, the mortality rate for scrub typhus will be increased. When there is a cause to believe that scrub typhus is present, doxycycline treatment leads to rapid symptom improvement.

Implications for practice:

People might not be aware of the possibility of scrub typhus because it had been a more common disease in the past. Nurse practitioners (NPs) should take a detail history and be aware of common clinical manifestations to promote the early recognition and appropriate treatment of scrub typhus, which would prevent severe complications and reduce mortality. A resurgence of the disease could occur at any time among military troops serving in endemic regions.

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