Admission Through the Emergency Department Is an Independent Risk Factor for Lower Satisfaction With Physician Performance Among Orthopaedic Surgery Patients: A Multicenter Study

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Abstract

Background: Patient experience data are increasingly used to guide performance improvement and to determine physician and hospital reimbursement. We studied the relationship between emergency department (ED) admission and patient satisfaction with physicians’ performance, and identified other associated predictors.

Methods: We evaluated 6,524 inpatient Press Ganey patient experience surveys from two academic level I trauma centers over 5 years. We stratified patients by ED admission or other admission and compared the proportions of patients in each group who were satisfied with physician performance. We used logistic regression to control for demographic differences and characteristics of hospitalizations.

Results: Among patients admitted through the ED, 85.18% were satisfied, compared with 89.44% of patients admitted through other pathways (P < 0.001). Admission through the ED predicted decreased satisfaction, with an odds ratio of 0.67 (P = 0.032) after controls were applied through logistic regression.

Conclusions: Admission through the ED is an independent risk factor for lower satisfaction with physician performance. Understanding the determinants of patient satisfaction will help improve physician-patient interactions and guide quality improvement and value-based reimbursement initiatives.

Level of Evidence: This retrospective survey-based analysis of satisfaction does not fall clearly under any of the Journal’s established categories of level of evidence. The most closely aligned choice would be Level III Prognostic.

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