Comprehensive Review of Current Constraining Devices in Total Hip Arthroplasty

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Abstract

Hip instability after total joint arthroplasty is a devastating complication. Appropriate management of instability is a challenge. Three components that are commonly used in these challenging scenarios are constrained liners, constrained tripolar components, and nonconstrained tripolar components. The biomaterials and biomechanics of these devices vary. Surgeons must take into account the risks associated with each of these components and some surgical pearls for their use. A thorough review of the recent literature allows comparison of results addressing the short-, medium-, and long-term survival of each component. Constraining devices are a good option when used in salvage procedures in elderly and/or low-demand patients with hip instability. However, constraining devices should not be used to correct deficiencies in surgical technique or implant placement.

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