Heart disease continues to be the leading cause of death in women in the United States. Sex disparities remain despite research highlighting the unique aspects of managing women with ischemic heart disease. Increased mortality in women may be related to the critical differences in the clinical presentation of ischemic heart disease between the sexes. Sex-related differences in the pathophysiology of ischemic heart disease also influence diagnostic testing and management. This article reviews the differences in diagnosis and management between men and women with ischemic heart disease.