THE EFFECTS OF VARIOUS FRONT-TO-BACK RATIOS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF DIRECTIONAL MICROPHONE HEARING AIDS

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

Twenty-four sensorineural hearing-impaired adults were evaluated using four directional microphone hearing aids differing only in front-to-back ratios. The speech material utilized was the Synthetic Sentence Identification Message Competition Ratios of 0, −10, and −20 dB. The primary signal was presented from a 0° azimuth with the competing message was presented from a direct overhead location. The results revealed a systematic improvement in speech understanding as the size of the front-to-back ratio increased. This relationship was not significantly affected by the difficulty of the listening situation.

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