Internal and external components of emotionality in restrained and unrestrained eaters

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Compared the affective responsiveness of dieters and nondieters. 47 male college students rated the emotional impact of projected slides in a situation similar to that used by P. Pliner et al (see record 1974-27296-001) with obese and normal Ss. The present findings show that dieters, like the obese, were more extreme emotional responders. When Ss were given an internal source of arousal (i.e., caffeine), nondieters became more emotional and dieters became less emotional. These results are discussed in terms of S. Schachter's (1971) “externality” model of obesity and S. Schachter and J. E. Singer's “external-internal” theory of emotion. (23 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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