Interaction of person and situation effects for chronic mental patients: A two-year follow-up

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Abstract

In a longitudinal 2-yr follow-up of the patients in the present author and G. L. Paul's (see record 1975-31978-001) analysis of the behavior of chronic mental patients, the present study examined the interactive contribution of person and situation dimensions to the ongoing behavior of 32 patients after prolonged exposure to 2 different ward environments (milieu and social learning). Behavior was rated with the Time Sample Behavioral Checklist and the Staff-Resident Interaction Chronograph. From the observations, a Cognitive Distortion Index and a Social Interaction Index were calculated. Results indicate that the patterning of person, situation, and behavior domain effects was quite stable over a 2-yr period, although the absolute strength of situation effects was greater than in the prior study. In addition, the results provide further evidence that ward environments differentially moderate the Person by Situation interactions. (9 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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