Gender identity and gender role in schizophrenia

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22 recently admitted individuals with affective disorders, 23 recently admitted schizophrenics, 21 long-term schizophrenics, and 21 noninstitutionalized controls demonstrated intact gender identity and gender-role adoption, as measured by the Embedded Figures Test and the MMPI Masculinity and Femininity scale, respectively. The 2 schizophrenic groups, in contrast with the 2 control groups, demonstrated a confused gender-role adoption, as measured by the Bem Sex-Role Inventory, and they tended to choose more opposite-sex roles on the Role Preference Test. Length of hospitalization correlated with Role Preference Test scores, but only for females. Multiple administration of the Bem inventory revealed that all groups were aware of differences in gender roles; all groups noted that their parents would have been more pleased had they adopted sex-appropriate gender roles. Noninstitutionalized controls and recently admitted schizophrenics believed the ideal patient was significantly more feminine than masculine; long-term schizophrenics and those with affective disorders possessed a knowledge more typical of females than of males. (9 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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