Responses of normal and disturbed adults and children to mixed messages

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Showed mixed messages containing contradictory communication components to 10 male 22–38 yr old students, 10 male 23–43 yr old schizophrenic inpatients, 10 male 7–9 yr old normal children, and 10 male 7–9 yr old disturbed children. The overall results reveal that normal adults' evaluations of mixed messages were significantly different from those of disturbed adults and from those of normal and disturbed children. Normal adults appeared to be influenced by all communication components (verbal statement, facial expression, vocal tone, and physical gesture) in mixed messages, whereas the other 3 S-groups were primarily influenced by the words. (17 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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