Loneliness and expressive communication

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Abstract

Examined the communication skills of 66 female undergraduates who were either chronically lonely, situationally lonely, or not lonely. “Sender” Ss were videotaped while they watched and rated the pleasantness of 25 slides. These videotapes were then shown to “receiver” Ss who made judgments about the sender Ss' reactions to each slide. Results indicate that the situationally lonely Ss were more successful as communication senders than were the chronically lonely or nonlonely Ss. This finding is interpreted within a cognitive framework as reflecting the increased motivation created by attributing one's situational loneliness to unstable causes. Beck Depression Inventory scores were also obtained. In general, highly depressed Ss were less successful as communication senders, but this relation did not hold for the situationally lonely group. (10 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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