Long-term outcomes of nonconditioned patients with severe combined immunodeficiency transplanted with HLA-identical or haploidentical bone marrow depleted of T cells with anti-CD6 mAb

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Abstract

Background

Between 1981 and 1995, 20 children with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID; median age at transplant, 6.5 [range, 0.5-145] mo, 12 with serious infection) were treated with haploidentical T cell-depleted (anti-CD6 antibody) bone marrow (median number of 5.7 [0.8-18.8] × 108 nucleated cells/kg) from mismatched related donors (MMRDs), and 5 children with SCID (median age at transplant, 1.8 [0.5-5.0] mo, 1 with serious infection) were given unmanipulated bone marrow from matched related donors (MRDs). No conditioning or graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis was used.

Objective

To assess the outcomes of patients with SCID who received bone marrow from MMRDs or MRDs.

Methods

We reviewed the medical records of these 25 consecutive patients with SCID (4 with Omenn syndrome).

Results

Of the 20 patients who received bone marrow from MMRDs, 12 engrafted, 10 survived at a median age of 15.2 [10.0-19.1] years, 4 had chronic GvHD (lung, intestine, skin), 5 required intravenous immunoglobulin, and 8 attended school or college. Two of 5 patients who died had chronic GvHD, and 2 developed lymphoproliferative disease. Of the 5 patients who received bone marrow from MRDs, 5 engrafted, 5 survived at a median age of 23.3 [18.5-26] years, 1 had chronic GvHD (lung, skin), 2 required intravenous immunoglobulin, and 4 attended school or college.

Conclusions

Treatment of critically ill patients with SCID with anti-CD6 antibody T cell-depleted MMRD marrow resulted in an overall 50% long-term survival of patients (83% survival of those engrafted). The principal barriers to long-term survival were delay in diagnosis, life-threatening infection, failure to engraft, and chronic GvHD. Educational goals were achieved in most of the survivors.

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