Dose-ranging study of lebrikizumab in asthmatic patients not receiving inhaled steroids

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Abstract

Background:

Asthma is a disease with marked heterogeneity in its clinical course and response to treatment. IL-13 is central to type 2 inflammation, which contributes to many key features of asthma. Lebrikizumab is an anti–IL-13 mAb previously reported to significantly improve lung function in patients with inadequately controlled asthma despite inhaled corticosteroid therapy, especially in periostin-high patients.

Objective:

This phase II study investigated the efficacy and safety of IL-13 blockade with different doses of lebrikizumab in asthmatic patients not receiving inhaled corticosteroids.

Methods:

Patients were randomized to receive 125, 250, or 500 mg of lebrikizumab or placebo subcutaneously monthly for 12 weeks with an 8-week follow-up period. The primary efficacy end point was the relative change in prebronchodilator FEV1 from baseline to week 12.

Results:

A total of 212 patients were randomized. The mean relative change in FEV1 was numerically higher in all lebrikizumab dose groups versus the placebo group, although the difference was neither statistically nor clinically significant. There were no meaningful differences in changes in FEV1 between the dose groups and the placebo group by the periostin subgroup. Lebrikizumab treatment was associated with a reduced risk of treatment failure at all doses versus placebo (P< .001), and results were similar by the periostin subgroup, with no apparent differences between doses of lebrikizumab. Lebrikizumab was generally well tolerated.

Conclusion:

Blocking IL-13, a single cytokine, in this population of asthmatic patients is insufficient to improve lung function. There is evidence that IL-13 blockade may improve disease control, as measured by prevention of protocol-defined treatment failure in these patients.

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