Individual volume-based 3D gamma indices for pretreatment VMAT QA

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Abstract

Although gamma analysis is still a widely accepted quantitative tool to analyze and report patient-specific QA for intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT), the correlation between the 2D percentage gamma passing rate (%GP), and the clinical dosimetric difference for IMRT and VMAT has been questioned. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of individual volume-based 3D gamma indices for pretreatment VMAT QA. Percentage dosimetric errors (%DE) of dose-volume histogram metrics (includes target volumes and organ at risks) between the treatment planning system and QA-reconstructed dose distribution, %GPs for individual volume and global gamma indices, as well their correlations and sensitivities were investigated for one- and two-arc VMAT plans. The %GPs of individual volumes had a higher percent of correlation with individual 15 %DE metrics compared with global %GPs. For two-arc VMAT at 2%/2 mm, 3%/3 mm, and 4%/4 mm criteria, individual volume %GPs were correlated with 9, 12, and 9 out of 15 %DE metrics, while global %GPs were correlated with only 2 out of 15 %DE metrics, respectively. For one-arc VMAT at 2%/2 mm, 3%/3 mm, and 4%/4 mm criteria, individual volume %GPs were correlated with 18, 16, and 13 out of 23 %DE metrics, and global %GPs were correlated with 19, 12, and 1 out 23 %DE metrics, respectively. The area under curves (AUC) of individual volume %GPs were higher than those of global %GPs for two-arc VMAT plans, but with mixed results for one-arc VMAT plans. In a conclusion, the idea of individual volume %GP was created and investigated to better serve for VMAT QA and individual volume-based %GP had a higher percent of correlation with DVH 15 %DE metrics compared with global %GP for both one- and two-arc VMAT plans.

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