Treatment Options for Opioid Use Disorders: A Review of the Relevant Literature

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Abstract

Approximately 10% of the 20 million Americans who are suffering from substance use disorders are suffering from prescription opioid and heroine misuse. This has led to a rise in overdoses as well as emergency room visits, with over 1000 individuals across the United States being seen in emergency rooms every day. Unfortunately, about 90% of drug overdoses are unintentional. Therefore, finding effective ways to treat opioid use disorders and preventing relapse has now become a national priority. This review of the relevant literature highlights current treatment options available for opioid use disorders, including motivational interviewing, cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness meditation, mindfulness based relapse prevention, medication assisted therapies, and combination therapies. Lastly, a discussion on ways to address challenges related to the treatment of opioid use disorders is provided.

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