Heat and immunity: an experimental heat wave alters immune functions in three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus)

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Abstract

Heat waves become more frequent events during climate change and may influence host–parasite interactions. Here, we show that the activity of the immune system of an ectothermic animal species is temperature-dependent and suggest that heat waves may immunocompromise host species, thereby potentially facilitating the spread of infectious diseases.

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