A continental scale trophic cascade from wolves through coyotes to foxes

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


We show that the extirpation of wolves throughout North America has caused a continent-wide shift in coyote and red fox densities. To reverse this human induced cascade, wolves may need to occur continuously over large spatial areas. This presents a challenge because wolves are frequently persecuted due to human-wildlife conflicts.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles