Clinical and Functional Outcomes: Primary Constrained Condylar Knee Arthroplasty Compared With Posterior Stabilized Knee Arthroplasty

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Abstract

Introduction:

Constrained condylar knee (CCK) prostheses are commonly used in difficult primary total knee arthroplasty and revision total knee arthroplasty. We postulate that the use of CCK prostheses in primary knee arthroplasty may result in decreased range of motion but with better patient-reported functional scores compared with primary posterior stabilized (PS) knee prostheses because of increased varus and valgus stability from increased constraint.

Methods:

We conducted a case-control study using prospectively collected data on functional outcome scores and range of motion preoperatively and at 6 months and at 2 years. Thirty-eight patients with primary CCK arthroplasty were matched with 38 patients with primary PS knee arthroplasty treated by a single surgeon. Institutional review board approval was obtained. Analysis was done using the independent t-test.

Results:

Total 76 patients with 61 (80.3%) female patients, 30 (39.5%) left knees, and 9 (11.8%) valgus knees. There was no significant difference in preoperative age (CCK arthroplasty 70.7 ± 6.0 years versus PS knee arthroplasty 68.5 ± 5.2 years; P < 0.085), body mass index (27.2 ± 4.4 versus 26.3 ± 5.2; P < 0.44), Oxford Knee Score (35.8 ± 7.8 versus 36.0 ± 7.6; P < 0.92), and Medical Outcomes Study 12-Item Short Form (SF-36) scores and knee extension (8.0° ± 6.7° versus 7.7° ± 7.6°; P < 0.84). There was no significant difference in preoperative knee flexion (106.0° ± 22.9° versus 117.3° ± 20.1°; P < 0.026). There was no significant difference in 6-month knee extension (4.5° ± 6.8° versus 4.1° ± 4.5°; P < 0.80), knee flexion (110.5° ± 15.8° versus 110.9° ± 15.5°; P < 0.92), Oxford Knee Score (18.9° ± 3.4° versus 20.1° ± 5.3°; P < 0.27), and SF-36 scores. There was no significant difference in 2-year knee extension (1.8° ± 5.7° versus 1.5° ± 4.0°; P < 0.82), knee flexion (111.3° ± 13.6° versus 115.0° ± 16.5°; P < 0.30), Oxford Knee Score (18.5° ± 3.7° versus 18.2° ± 4.2°; P < 0.77), and SF-36 scores.

Conclusion:

The use of CCK prostheses in primary knee arthroplasty gives similar clinical and functional outcomes at 2 years as those of PS knee prostheses, despite increased constraint.

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