To address the ability of a 24-week Maraviroc (MVC) intensification of a stable antiretroviral therapy (cART) to significantly increase the CD4 cell count slope.Methods:
Patients were eligible if they had CD4 <350 cells/mm3, a CD4 slope <50 cells/mm3 per year, and sustained plasma HIV-RNA <50 copies/mL over the last 2 years, while receiving a stable cART. Patients harboring pure X4-using viruses by a phenotypic tropism assay were excluded. MVC was added to cART for 24 weeks, at the recommended dosage per drug–drug interactions. The primary endpoint was a significant positive difference in CD4 slopes (with MVC— pre-MVC, paired t test).Results:
Sixty patients (55 men), with median age 51 years, baseline CD4 238 cells/mm3, and slope before intensification +14.1 cells/mm3 per year were included. CD4 nadir was <50/mm3 in 47% of the population. The full set of patients (N = 57) completed week 24, and the on-treatment patients (N = 48) did not discontinue MVC. The median CD4 slope difference from baseline was +22.6 cells/mm3 per year (P = 0.08) in full set and +22.6 cells/mm3 per year (P = 0.04) in on-treatment. Slope evolution was not different according to baseline tropism, CD4 nadir, or ongoing cART regimen. No drug-related severe adverse events were recorded during intensification. MVC plasma concentrations were significantly different depending on drug–drug interaction with ongoing cART regimen and tended to be correlated with CD4 cells increase.Conclusion:
In this study, MVC intensification of stable cART over 24 weeks was able to enhance CD4 cell slopes in patients with prior insufficient immune restoration despite long-term virological control.