Dolutegravir Pharmacokinetics in the Genital Tract and Colorectum of HIV-Negative Men After Single and Multiple Dosing

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



To describe first-dose and steady state pharmacokinetics (PKs) of dolutegravir (DTG) in blood plasma (BP), seminal fluid (SF), colorectal tissue (RT), and rectal mucosal fluid (RF) of healthy HIV-negative men.


A phase 1, open-label, PK study that enrolled 12 healthy men taking 50 mg DTG daily for 8 days.


Eleven paired BP samples and 3 SF and RF samples were collected over 24 hours after first (PK1) and multiple (PK2) dosing. RT biopsies were collected at 1 of 6 time points at PK1 and PK2 to generate composite PK profiles. DTG concentrations were analyzed by validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Noncompartmental PK analysis was conducted with Phoenix WinNonlin v6.3, and Spearman rank correlations were determined using SAS v9.3.


BP area under the concentration–time curves (AUCs) were similar to previous reports, and concentrations at 24 hours (C24 h) were 6- to 34-fold greater than the protein-adjusted concentration required for 90% viral inhibition (PA-IC90) of 64 ng/mL. SF exposures were <7% of BP and below the PA-IC90. RT exposures were 17% of BP and ∼2-fold greater than the PA-IC90. RF AUCs were ∼2%–5% of RT and did not correlate with RT (rho = 0.43, P = 0.17). Accumulation of DTG with multiple dosing was observed in BP, SF, and RT.


DTG BP PKs were consistent with previously published values. SF concentrations were <7% BP, with SF C24 h below the PA-IC90. However, SF protein binding was not measured. Although the AUC of DTG in RT was <20% BP, RT C24 h remained ∼2-fold higher than the PA-IC90. RF was not a strong surrogate for RT concentrations.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles