Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Intravaginal Ring Protects High-Dose Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate–Treated Macaques From Multiple SHIV Exposures

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Preclinical HIV prevention models use either a single high-dose viral challenge in depot medroxyprogesterone acetate–treated macaques or repeated viral challenges in cycling macaques. We tested the efficacy of an intravaginal tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) ring in a model combining repeated 30-mg injections of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate every 6 weeks with vaginal viral challenges weekly for 12 weeks. Twelve macaques were randomized to TDF or placebo rings. All placebo macaques became infected after a median of 2 exposures, whereas only 1 TDF macaque became infected at the eighth exposure (P = 0.0012). The TDF ring provides durable protection in a stringent challenge model.

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