Brief Report: Switching to Tenofovir Alafenamide, Coformulated With Elvitegravir, Cobicistat, and Emtricitabine, in HIV-Infected Adults With Renal Impairment

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Abstract

Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate is associated with renal and bone toxicity. In a single-arm, open-label study of 242 virologically suppressed, HIV-infected participants with creatinine clearance 30–69 mL/min who switched to elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide, participants had stable creatinine clearance, significant and durable improvements in proteinuria, albuminuria, and tubular proteinuria (P < 0.001), and significant increases in hip and spine bone mineral density through 96 weeks (P < 0.001). Eighty-eight percent maintained HIV-1 RNA <50 c/mL at week 96. These longer-term results support the use of elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide in HIV-infected individuals with mild-moderately impaired renal function.

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