Brief Report: Should Abacavir Be a First-Line Alternative for Adults With HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa?

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Despite a poor toxicity profile, zidovudine supersedes abacavir (ABC) as an alternative first-line agent in most international treatment guidelines because of concerns about HLA-B*57:01-related ABC-hypersensitivity. We detected one case of HLA-B*57:01 carriage among 513 HIV-infected individuals in Uganda, which, in combination with previous reports, supports the safety of ABC in the region.

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