Risky Sexual Behavior Among Individuals Receiving Buprenorphine/Naloxone Opiate Dependency Treatment: HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 058

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



Understanding the role of opiate dependency treatment in risky sexual behavior could help optimize interventions for people who inject drugs (PWID).


We evaluated whether long-term medication-assisted treatment (LT-MAT) of opiate dependency with buprenorphine/naloxone influenced risky sexual behavior among HIV-uninfected PWID and identified predictors of risky sexual behavior.


We used data from HPTN 058, a randomized controlled trial of LT-MAT vs. short-term medication-assisted treatment among PWID in China and Thailand. We evaluated associations between randomized opiate dependency treatment group and self-reported risky sexual behaviors within the past month: condomless sex with primary partner, condomless sex with nonprimary partner, multiple partners, and more than 3 sexual acts. We used generalized estimating equations to conduct intention-to-treat, as-treated, and exploratory analyses of these associations.


Of 1250 participants included in the analysis, 92% were male, with median age of 34 years (interquartile range 28–39). At baseline, referring to the past month, 36% of participants reported condomless sex with primary partner, 4% reported condomless sex with nonprimary partner, 6% reported multiple sex partners, and 30% reported more than 3 sexual acts. Risky sexual behaviors did not differ significantly between treatment groups at any point. Significant predictors (P < 0.05) of condomless sex with nonprimary partner were history of incarceration and noninjection drug use. Number of needle-sharing partners, noninjection drug use, and higher income were predictors for multiple sexual partners.


LT-MAT did not significantly modify risky sexual behavior among HIV-uninfected PWID. Interventions that reduce sexual risk should target PWID with history of incarceration, alcohol use, and needle sharing.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles