Propelling the Pediatric HIV Therapeutic Agenda With Science, Innovation, and Collaboration

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Background:A number of well-described obstacles to the pediatric therapeutic agenda have resulted in substantial delays in the introduction of new medications, formulations, strategies, and approaches to treat infants, children, and adolescents living with HIV.Setting:Global landscape.Methods:The authors will provide a summary of current and emerging initiatives to accelerate the pediatric therapeutic agenda including illustrative case studies of innovations and scientific discovery in diagnosis and treatment of very young children with HIV infection.Results:The challenges posed by rapid physiologic and developmental changes that characterize the trajectory of childhood as well as the complex regulatory and fiscal milieu of HIV therapeutics have hampered pediatric HIV therapeutic research. Recent efforts to accelerate this agenda include prioritizing agents and formulations, defining dosing by weight bands, applying innovative study designs, synergizing work across research networks to achieve common goals, and the establishment of a global prioritized research agenda. A case study of initiatives to diagnose and effectively treat newborns and infants will illustrate the critical role of basic science research and novel approaches to study design and implementation that are informing global efforts to end AIDS.Conclusions:A pediatric therapeutic agenda informed by basic science and achieved through innovation and global cooperation is essential to achieve an AIDS-free generation.

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