Emerging evidences suggest Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling pathway plays an important role in bone development and metabolism. Effects of JAK-STAT pathway on skeletal development are summarized based on skeletal phenotype of individual JAK and STAT gene knockout mouse. Furthermore, STAT3 has more profound effects on bone homeostasis compared with the other STATs. STAT3 mutation causes a disease called Job syndrome, most patients with which have associated craniofacial and skeletal features. Selective inactivation of STAT3 in osteoblasts decreases bone formation and skeletal responsiveness to mechanical loading. Future research includes investigating JAK-STAT signaling in osteoclasts and osteocytes.