Probiotics and the Prevention of Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Infants and Children

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Abstract

Clinical Question

In children prescribed an antibiotic, is the co-administration of a probiotic associated with lower rates of antibiotic-associated diarrhea without an increase in clinically important adverse events?

Bottom Line

Moderate-quality evidence suggests that probiotics are associated with lower rates of antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children (aged 1 month to 18 years) without an increase in adverse events.

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