Peak Expiratory Flow as a Predictor of Subsequent Disability and Death in Community-Living Older Persons

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To determine whether peak expiratory flow (PEF), when expressed by a validated method using standardized residual (SR) percentile, is associated with subsequent disability and death in older persons.

DESIGN

Prospective cohort study.

SETTING

New Haven, Connecticut.

PARTICIPANTS

Seven hundred fifty-four initially nondisabled, community-living persons aged 70 and older.

MEASUREMENTS

PEF was assessed at baseline along with chronic conditions and smoking history. The onset of persistent disability in activities of daily living (ADLs), continuous mobility disability, and death were ascertained during monthly interviews over a 5-year period.

RESULTS

Participants' mean age was 78.4, 63.7% had a smoking history, and 17.4% reported chronic lung disease. The incidence rates per 100 person-months were 1.00 (95% confidence interval (CI)=0.90–1.12) for ADL disability, 0.80 (95% CI=0.70–0.93) for mobility disability, and 0.44 (95% CI=0.38–0.51) for death. At a PEF less than 10th SR percentile, identifying nearly one-quarter of the cohort, hazard ratios (HRs) adjusted for multiple confounders, including age, smoking, and chronic lung disease, demonstrated a greater risk of ADL disability (HR=1.79, 95% CI=1.23–2.62), mobility disability (HR=1.89, 95% CI=1.15–3.10), and death (HR=2.31, 95% CI=1.29–4.12).

CONCLUSION

In an elderly cohort, it was found that low PEF, when expressed as an SR percentile, is independently associated with subsequent disability and death. These results support the use of PEF as a potentially valuable risk assessment tool in community-living older persons.

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