Rapid alternative methods for detection of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

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To study the performance of three rapid low cost methods for the detection of rifampicin resistance.


A panel of 20 coded Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains was tested blindly by the low cost methods: nitrate reductase, MTT and resazurin assays, and compared with the results obtained with the gold standard methods: the proportion method on Löwenstein–Jensen medium and the BACTEC TB 460 system. We have also tested two commercial tests: MGIT and INNO LiPA Rif.TB kit.


Complete agreement was observed among all methods.


These three simple methods might become inexpensive alternative procedures for rapid detection of rifampicin resistance in low-resource countries.

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